How to Master Secret Work (1985)

1946-1989, Consciousness Raising, Date, Tactics of Disruption

This pamphlet was published by the Communist Party of South Africa in 1985. It explains the benefits and importance of secrecy in revolutions. Additionally, it highlights the steps to set up secret networks, rules when engaging in secret work, surveillance, communication, and failure.

“We have said that secret work helps us overcome the problems created by the enemy. This helps in the vital task of building an underground organisation or secret network. The network must lead the people in the struggle for power. It does not compete with the progressive legal organisations but reinforces them.”

The Catastrophe of Liberation by Herbert Marcuse (1964)

1946-1989, Authority, Date, Defining the Enemy, History/Theory, Subjectives of Refusal, Subjects Redefined, Theory

This is an excerpt from Marcuse’s 1964 book, One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. Marcuse critiques both capitalism and Soviet communism for social repression. This chapter is dedicated to theorizing the uprooting of this social repression.

The Philippine Communist Party: Establish Underground Local Governments (1950)

1946-1989, Colonized, Consciousness Raising, Date, Defining the Enemy, Disruptive Spaces, Institutions, Subjectives of Refusal, Tactics of Disruption, Urban Spaces

As a way to overthrow the imperialist rule by both American and Japanese governments that had persisted in the Philippines for years, the Philippine Communist Party encouraged citizens to form local underground governments in order to advocate directly for the interests of the Filipino people. The main goal of these localized governments was to strip power from the National and Liberal parties, which the Communists saw as puppet governments for imperialist powers. Among the suggestions that the Communist Party gives to these local governments are the enforcement of equitable crop sharing, establishment of local courts, and the creation of mass schools to educate leaders of the movement in the barrios.

Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 by Karl Marx

1840-1945, Date, Defining the Enemy, History/Theory, Privatization, Subjectives of Refusal, Subjects Redefined, The Bourgeoisie, Theory, Workers

These manuscripts were complied posthumously after Marx’s death in 1932. They analyze a variety of topics, including (in this excerpt) estranged labor, private property, communism, and the power of money in a bourgeoise society.

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (1848)

1840-1945, Authority, Date, Defining the Enemy, History/Theory, Privatization, Subjectives of Refusal, The Bourgeoisie, Theory, Workers

One of the most influential documents of all time, the Communist Manifesto is an 1848 pamphlet that was written to explain class struggle and capitalism, and to summarize Marx and Engels’ theories on society and politics.

The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.

USA Communist Party: A Manual on Organization (1935)

1840-1945, Date, Defining the Enemy, Disruptive Spaces, Privatization, Strike, Subjectives of Refusal, Tactics of Disruption, The Bourgeoisie, The Workplace, Workers

In 1935, The Communist Party of the USA published “A Manuagl on Organization”. The document was divided by it’s preface, chapter 1 regarding party fundamentals, chapter 2 on basic principles of the party’s organization, chapter 3 on the party’s structure and function, chapter 4 outlining party membership, and chapter 5 discussed the rules for the potential of party disciplinary cases. The Communist Party of The United States was founded in 1919 and currently has its headquarters in New York City.

Soviet Churches and Schools (1919)

1840-1945, Authority, Date, Defining the Enemy, Disruptive Spaces, Institutions, Self Institution, Students, Subjectives of Refusal, Tactics of Disruption, Workers

Nikolai Bukharin – a Bolshevik revolutionary – discusses the need for not only economic liberation but also spiritual liberation of the working class and its party. He asserts that religion is a detriment to the workers’ struggle. He calls for a separation of church and state and religion as a private matter. Additionally, he states that schools must free education from capital and religion.

The worship of the souls of the dead rich was the foundation of religion…
The church was an organization of the bourgeois state…
The organs of the local workers’ authority shall have control over the schools, and shall not stint their energies in the matter of popular education, supplying to all the children and young men and young women all the knowledge which they need for a happy life.