Women, Power, and Revolution (1998)

1990-2010, Black, Date, Subjectives of Refusal, Women

This document by Kathleen Neal Cleaver explores the role of women and gender in the Black Panther Party and Black Power Movement.

“At times, during the question-and-answer session following a speech I’d given, someone would ask, “What is the woman’s role in the Black Panther Party?” I never liked that question. I’d give a short answer: “It’s the same as men.” We are revolutionaries, I’d explain… The assumption held that being part of a revolutionary movement was in conflict with what the questioner had been socialized to believe was appropriate conduct for a woman.”

In Defense of Self Defense (1967)

1946-1989, Black, Date, Defining the Enemy, Disruptive Spaces, Subjectives of Refusal, The Police, Urban Spaces, White Supremacy

The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California, in 1966, and originally was called The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. It was a militant, leftist group in support of Black Liberation. Huey P. Newtown, one of the founders of the Black Panther Party, published “In Defense of Self-Defense” to justify the party’s main goal, which was “copwatching”, in which members would open carry weapons and patrol neighborhoods and police brutality.

Ten-Point Program (1966)

Defining the Enemy, Disruptive Spaces, Time Interrupted, White Supremacy

Published in 1966 by the Black Panther Party, written by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, “The Ten Point Program” was a statement of their goals and organization. Intended to be ten points which would guide the everyday actions of Black Panther Party members, the program was inspired by Marxist thought